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Cardiology is the science dealing with cardiac and circulatory system diseases.

Cardiology was used to be a subspecialty of internal diseases (internal medicine) but today it is an individual branch of medicine. The know-how and development of new technologies acquired through research have led to major developments in cardiology and emergence of new sub-sciences, as in the case of other investigative and/or applied sciences. Cardiology has made progress beyond estimates over the last 30-40 years and these developments progressively continue and some subspecialties of cardiology resulting from such developments are as follows:

  • Interventional cardiology
  • Heart electrophysiology

The emergence of subspecialties and the studies conducted by doctors and researchers who specialize in them allow development of new diagnostic and therapeutic methods.

Among the diseases that cardiology is trying to provide diagnosis and treatment for are some diseases which are among the most important health problems of today. Some of these diseases can be listed as follows:

  • Hypertension
  • Atherosclerotic heart diseases (such as coronary artery disease).
  • Heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias)
  • Congenital heart diseases

High blood pressure, which is also of interest in the branches such as nephrology and endocrinology, heart failure due to various diseases, heart valve diseases due to congenital or various diseases and many other similar diseases are the diseases which cardiology tries to diagnose and treat.

Some of the diagnostic tools used by cardiology are:

  • Echocardiography
  • Electrocardiography (ECG) and related diagnostic methods:
  • Cardiac stress test (also known as “exercise stress test” or “exercise ECG”)
  • Portable ECG device (also known as “Holter monitor”)
  • Levels of cardiac enzymes in the blood
  • Coronary angiography
  • Portable blood pressure device (also known as “blood pressure Holter monitor”)