Medical Microbiology

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    is a branch of science that deals with microorganisms, many of which can only be seen in the microscope. Many of these microorganisms, primarily bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites, cause diseases in humans. These microorganisms are examined in our Microbiology Laboratory to identify the diseases manifested in people.

    Diseases caused by these tiny creatures, which we can not see with the naked eye, are called Infectious Diseases in general. There are tens of thousands of different microorganisms causing diseases.Direct and indirect tests related to microorganisms causing infection are carried out in this unit. In the laboratory, tests providing guidance on the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of infectious diseases are conducted on patients’ blood and body fluid samples, tissue samples, urine and feces samples, and various other samples.

    As subunits, bacteriology, virology, mycology, parasitology and serology departments are present.Bacteriology is sampling, identification of bacteria causing infections in humans and determination of their susceptibility to antibiotics. (bacteria causing typhoid, cholera, throat infections, etc.)


    Performing diagnostic tests of viruses that cause disease in humans (HPV, etc.) Mycology is sampling, identification of fungi causing diseases in humans and testing of their susceptibility to antifungals (fungicides). Parasitology is investigating parasite and parasitic eggs in feces, urine and some other body fluids.


    Antibody-based diagnostic method in infectious diseases
    Main tests performed in the microbiology laboratory are as follows:
    Culture tests, bacterial identification tests, antibiotic and antifungal susceptibility tests, antibiotic resistance studies, direct microscopic examinations, stained preparation examinations, investigation of parasite eggs in feces, antigen screening tests, antibody tests (serological tests), molecular diagnostic tests including PCR (Polymerization Chain Reaction). Microbiology laboratory immediately reminds one of culture, bacterial identification and antibiotic susceptibility tests.

    These tests are carried out in our laboratory using international standards and automation system (Micro Scan AS4). With this system, the bacteria are defined at a more advanced level than that done by conventional methods and besides, information about their resistance mechanisms which can not be revealed is also obtained. This in turn greatly contributes to the treatment of infections. This information is particularly crucial to manage infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria that cause hospital infections. The clinic strives to work in a functional and productive manner.